California Red Kidney (Bean/untreated)
Latin Name: Phaseolus vulgaris
Item #: 5
DRIED BEANS - Red Kidney and White Navy Bean Types
Approx. 80-125 lbs/36-57 kg. per acre; 1 lb/454 g sows 100 ft/31 m of row; 2 oz/57 g sows 15-20 ft/5-6 m of row.
CULTURE: Both red and white types can be grown about the same as Bush Limas. These beans are not treated with a fungicide - so you should wait till your soil temp. Is at least 65°F/18°C. Seed will decay rapidly at soil temp. of 60°F/16°C or lower, especially if it is wet. We sow dried beans in our area (Niagara Falls) about June 10th. For higher yields put Nitrogen Innoculant into rows before seeding. Pick a nice sunny location as shade will limit growth. Both types require about 100 days to mature and prefer sandy loam but seem to succeed in almost any type of soil. Seed size varies considerably between the two types. Space rows 24 in/61 cm apart, sow beans 3-5 in/8-13 cm apart in the row - 1.5 in/4 cm deep. Cover with fine soil and firm. Thin vines with scissors to 6-8 in/15-20 cm apart.
Apply fertilizer in bands or cultivator marks, 2 in/5 cm. deep and 3 in/8 cm away from the seeded row. Most beans respond well to high rates of phosphorous but can be damaged by strong applications of potassium. Therefore it is wise to limit applications to 20 lbs/9 kg per acre, in high potassium soils and 60 lbs/27 kg per acre in low potassium soils. Add about 15 lbs/7 kg of nitrogen per acre at planting time and side dress a day or so after rains if foliage becomes light green.
Cultivation: Do not cultivate after a heavy rain or too early in the morning when plants are wet. This will cause and spread all kinds of blight problems, wait until the foliage is dry.
Harvesting: Unlike regular bush beans, dried beans are not harvested until the pods are dry on the stems. The beans are at their prime when you can still see about 0.25 in/6 mm of green stem just before the pod, with the balance of the plant in a dried up state. Wash the pods quickly in cold water, throwing out the bits of chaff and imperfect ones. Then shell and dry them.
Cooking: Kidney and Navy beans do not have to be soaked in water overnight before cooking. A short-cut method is to place them in a kettle, cover with water, bring them to a boil. Boil for 2 min., remove the kettle from the heat and allow to stand 1 hour, still covered with water. Then cook until tender as your recipe directs. Never pour off that "bean water" during the cooking process, it's loaded with nutrients. Never add baking soda to the water to soften the beans up or it will neutralize all the vitamins. Cooking beans is rather a long process, just like baking bread, so don't rush it. Dried beans combined with rice, corn or wheat products like bread or macaroni, milk etc. make a complete protein equal to any. They are also high in calories and contains a lot of carbohydrates.
This seed is not treated with a fungicide.